Celebrate Florida Archaeology Thoughout Our State!

Artist's rendering of the Battle of Olustee, Florida Memory Project

Olustee Battlefield, Baker County

The largest Civil War skirmish on Florida soil occurred on February 20, 1864 in Olustee, Over 5,000 Federal and Confederate troops battled for the better part of the day. Federal troops, advancing from the Jacksonville area, had hoped to cut off Confederate access to important commissary supplies (including beef cattle), recruit Africans American soldiers, and secure important Florida resources such as cotton, timber, and turpentine. With over 1,800 casualties, Union troops were forced to retreat to the Jacksonville area where they remained until the end of the war.


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