Quick Facts

Florida Quick Facts

Geographical facts

  • Total Area - 58,560 square miles
  • Total land area - 54,136 square miles
  • Total water area - 4,424 square miles
  • Rank among states in total area - 22nd
  • Length north and south - 447 miles (St. Marys River to Key West)
  • Width east and west - 361 miles (Atlantic Ocean to Perdido River)
  • Distance from Pensacola to Key West - 792 miles (by road)
  • Highest Natural Point - 345 feet
  • Geographic Center - 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
  • Coastline - 1,197 statute miles
  • Tidal shoreline (general) - 2,276 statute miles
  • Beaches - 663 miles
  • Longest River - St. Johns, 273 miles
  • Largest Lake - Lake Okeechobee, 700 square miles
  • Largest county - Palm Beach, 2,578 square miles
  • Smallest county - Union, 245 square miles
  • Number of lakes (greater than 10 acres) - about 7,700
  • Number of first-magnitude springs - 33
  • Number of islands (greater than 10 acres) - about 4,500

Historical facts

  • First permanent European settlement - 1565, St. Augustine, by Spain
  • Acquired from Spain as a U.S. Territory - 1821
  • Admitted as 27th state of the U.S. - March 3, 1845

Current facts

  • Capital - Tallahassee
  • Population 2020 (estimate) - 20,216,600 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2015 (estimate) - 19,421,200 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2012 (estimate) - 19,074,434 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2010 - 18,801,310 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2000 - 15,982,378
  • Population 1990 - 12,937,926
  • Population growth rate 2010-2015 (estimate) - 3.3%
  • Population growth rate 2000-2010 - 17.6%
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2012 - Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 5,657,804 (estimate - Ranked 8th in the US)
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2010 - Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach: 5,564,635
  • Most populous County 2020 - Miami-Dade County: 2,722,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2015 - Miami-Dade County: 2,600,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2010 - Miami-Dade County: 2,496,435 (estimate)
  • Number of counties - 67
  • Form of government - Governor and cabinet consisting of Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture
  • State sales tax - 6%
  • State income tax - None
  • Legislature - 120 house districts, 40 senate districts, 25 congressional districts
  • Sources:
    US Census Bureau
    The Florida Handbook, Allen Morris. © 2003.
    Florida Statistical Abstract, 2012